Papa Salif Sow MD, MS Dakar University Hospital, Senegal Papa Salif Sow MD, MS is a Professor of Infectious Diseases at the University of Dakar in Senegal. He received his Medical Degree from the faculty of medicine of the University of Dakar in 1987. He trained as a physician specialized in Infectious and Tropical Diseases. Dr Sow completed his training at the Institute of Tropical Medicine of Antwerp in Belgium in 1991 (where he obtained a Master on Sciences) and in Nagasaki University Japan in 1994. In 1990, he was recognized as a World AIDS Foundation International Scholar at the San Francisco General Hospital (USA). Since 1987, Dr Sow has worked extensively in the field of Infectious Diseases in general and HIV/AIDS in particular in terms of care patients, teaching and research. He has focused his research on the development on diagnosis and treatment of opportunistic infections and on first line antiretroviral therapies and management strategies in resources limited countries. In 2002, Professor Sow was nominated Head of the Department of Infectious Diseases of the University of Dakar. Since 1998, he is the Clinical Coordinator of the Senegalese Initiative for Access to ARV and led a multidisciplinary team for scaling up this strategy in all the country. He has also undertaken several consultancies on HIV/AIDS care and treatment for UNAIDS and WHO Geneva. He is a member of the WHO Writing Guidelines for Access to Care and Treatment in Resource Limited Settings, member of the STAC (Strategic Advisory Committee for HIV/AIDS) and he is also a member of the TRP (Technical Review Panel) of the GFATM during Round 4, 5, 6 and 7. He has many research collaboration mainly with the ANRS in France and the University of Washington Seattle (USA) focus on opportunistic infections and HIV therapies. Dr Sow is a member of the WHO HIV/TB working group and he made a plenary communication on TB in people living with HIV during the International AIDS Conference organized by the IAS in 2004 in Bangkok. His current research interests include second line ARVtherapies in resources limited countries and HPV vaccine trial in young girls. Dr Sow is the President of the African Network for AIDS Physicians (ANEPA) and the Coordinator of the Regional Centre for Research and Training at Fann Hospital Dakar, Senegal.